Manual physical therapy is skilled, graded joint and soft tissue mobilization which stretches the tissues to improve joint range and flexibility, reduces pain and improves function. Every patient receives manual therapy as this is a crucial aspect of the healing and recovery process.
Soft tissue mobilization/massage to stretch and pressure the tissues to improve blood flow and encourage tissue healing and a feeling of well being.
Therapeutic exercise is beneficial for every patient and can be directed towards stretching tight tissue, mobilizing joints and/or strengthening weakened muscles. The specific exercises can improve muscle strength, decrease muscle guarding, improve joint motion, improve posture and improve blood flow to the area.
Each patient gets an individually designed specialized exercise program and home program for their condition.
Mechanical traction is more frequently used on the lumbar spine or the cervical spine and is a decompression therapy that relieves pressure on tissues. Spinal traction is used to treat herniated discs, sciatica, degenerative disc disease, pinched nerves, and many other back conditions. Benefits of spinal traction include increased blood flow to area, decompression of the spine, patient relaxation, decrease pain, joint mobilization and soft tissue and joint capsule stretching.
Today Kinesio and Rock tape have become increasingly popular in physical therapy and is utilized to accelerate blood flow, reduce muscle fatigue, provide proprioceptive feedback to decrease pain, and help promote tissue healing and muscle co ordinative use to decrease fatigue and increase their performance.
Hot or cold packs are used depending on the type of injury and the stage of the injury. Cold packs helps in vasoconstriction of blood vessels at the site of injury, thereby, limiting bleeding and edema formation. Hot packs increase blood flow to the injury zone which can improve the tissue healing.
Ultrasound uses sound waves to cause a deep heating locally though usually no sensation of heat will be felt by the patient. Ultrasound can produce many effects other than just the potential heating effect. It has been shown to cause increases in tissue relaxation, local blood flow, scar tissue breakdown, reduce local swelling and chronic inflammation, and promote bone fracture healing.
It is a type of electrical stimulation that is used to administer medication into your body through your skin. There are many different uses for iontophoresis. These include, but are not limited to decrease inflammation, decrease pain, decrease muscle spasm, decrease swelling and edema, reduce calcium deposits in the body, and manage scar tissue.
Work conditioning involves a supervised exercise regimen by a physical therapist that is geared toward assisting an individual to return to the physical demands of their previous occupation. Work conditioning employs resistance strength training and work simulation in association with instruction in proper body mechanics.